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Reduce high blood pressure

Reduce high blood pressure

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Ask your care provider how much potassium you should have. Even a small reduction of sodium in the diet can improve heart health and reduce high blood pressure by about 5 to 6 mm Hg. The effect of sodium intake on blood pressure varies among groups of people. In general, limit sodium to 2, milligrams mg a day or less.

However, a lower sodium intake — 1, mg a day or less — is ideal for most adults. Limiting alcohol to less than one drink a day for women or two drinks a day for men can help lower blood pressure by about 4 mm Hg.

One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1. But drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure by several points. It can also reduce the effectiveness of blood pressure medications. Smoking increases blood pressure. Stopping smoking helps lower blood pressure. It can also reduce the risk of heart disease and improve overall health, possibly leading to a longer life.

Poor sleep quality — getting fewer than six hours of sleep every night for several weeks — can contribute to hypertension. A number of issues can disrupt sleep, including sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome and general sleeplessness insomnia. Let your health care provider know if you often have trouble sleeping.

Finding and treating the cause can help improve sleep. However, if you don't have sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome, follow these simple tips for getting more restful sleep.

Long-term chronic emotional stress may contribute to high blood pressure. More research is needed on the effects of stress reduction techniques to find out whether they can reduce blood pressure. However, it can't hurt to determine what causes stress, such as work, family, finances or illness, and find ways to reduce stress.

Try the following:. Home monitoring can help you keep tabs on your blood pressure. It can make certain your medications and lifestyle changes are working. Home blood pressure monitors are available widely and without a prescription.

Talk to a health care provider about home monitoring before you get started. Regular visits with a provider are also key to controlling blood pressure. If your blood pressure is well controlled, ask your provider how often you need to check it. You might be able to check it only once a day or less often.

Supportive family and friends are important to good health. They may encourage you to take care of yourself, drive you to the care provider's office or start an exercise program with you to keep your blood pressure low. If you find you need support beyond your family and friends, consider joining a support group.

This may put you in touch with people who can give you an emotional or morale boost and who can offer practical tips to cope with your condition. There is a problem with information submitted for this request.

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Show references Feehally J, et al. Nonpharmacologic prevention and treatment of hypertension. In: Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology. Elsevier; Accessed April 20, Hypertension adult. Mayo Clinic; Hall ME, et al.

Weight-loss strategies for prevention and treatment of hypertension: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association.

Shimbo D, et al. Self-measured blood pressure monitoring at home: A joint policy statement from the American Heart Association and the American Medical Association. Department of Health and Human Services and U.

Department of Agriculture. Accessed April 23, Libby P, et al. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment.

: Reduce high blood pressure

How to Prevent High Blood Pressure: MedlinePlus Admissions Requirements. Associated Procedures. Poor sleep may increase the risk of heart disease and other chronic conditions. New research shows little risk of infection from prostate biopsies. It's a common type of high blood pressure in people older than High blood pressure during pregnancy If you have high blood pressure and are pregnant, discuss with your care providers how to control blood pressure during your pregnancy.
The 6 best exercises to control high blood pressure | HonorHealth

Examples include clonidine Catapres, Kapvay , guanfacine Intuniv and methyldopa. Treating resistant hypertension You may have resistant hypertension if: You take at least three different blood pressure drugs, including a diuretic.

But your blood pressure remains stubbornly high. You're taking four different medicines to control high blood pressure. Your care provider should check for a possible second cause of the high blood pressure. Treating resistant hypertension may involve many steps, including: Changing blood pressure medicines to find the best combination and dosage.

Reviewing all your medicines, including those bought without a prescription. Checking blood pressure at home to see if medical appointments cause high blood pressure. This is called white coat hypertension. Eating healthy, managing weight and making other recommended lifestyle changes.

High blood pressure during pregnancy If you have high blood pressure and are pregnant, discuss with your care providers how to control blood pressure during your pregnancy.

Potential future treatments Researchers have been studying the use of heat to destroy specific nerves in the kidney that may play a role in resistant hypertension.

Request an appointment. Alpha blockers. Angiotensin II receptor blockers. Show more related information. Choosing blood pressure medicines.

Beta blockers: Do they cause weight gain? Beta blockers: How do they affect exercise? Blood pressure medications: Can they raise my triglycerides? Calcium supplements: Do they interfere with blood pressure drugs? Diuretics: A cause of low potassium? From Mayo Clinic to your inbox. Sign up for free and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips, current health topics, and expertise on managing health.

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You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail. Clinical trials. Try these heart-healthy strategies: Eat healthy foods. Eat a healthy diet. Try the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH diet.

Choose fruits, vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish and low-fat dairy foods. Get plenty of potassium from natural sources, which can help lower blood pressure. Eat less saturated fat and trans fat.

Use less salt. Processed meats, canned foods, commercial soups, frozen dinners and certain breads can be hidden sources of salt.

Check food labels for the sodium content. Limit foods and beverages that are high in sodium. A sodium intake of 1, mg a day or less is considered ideal for most adults. But ask your provider what's best for you. Limit alcohol. Even if you're healthy, alcohol can raise your blood pressure. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation.

For healthy adults, that means up to one drink a day for women, and up to two drinks a day for men. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.

Don't smoke. Tobacco injures blood vessel walls and speeds up the process of hardening of the arteries. If you smoke, ask your care provider for strategies to help you quit. Maintain a healthy weight. If you're overweight or have obesity, losing weight can help control blood pressure and lower the risk of complications.

Ask your health care provider what weight is best for you. In general, blood pressure drops by about 1 mm Hg with every 2. In people with high blood pressure, the drop in blood pressure may be even more significant per kilogram of weight lost.

Practice good sleep habits. Poor sleep may increase the risk of heart disease and other chronic conditions. Adults should aim to get 7 to 9 hours of sleep daily.

Kids often need more. Go to bed and wake at the same time every day, including on weekends. If you have trouble sleeping, talk to your provider about strategies that might help. Manage stress. Find ways to help reduce emotional stress. Getting more exercise, practicing mindfulness and connecting with others in support groups are some ways to reduce stress.

Try slow, deep breathing. Practice taking deep, slow breaths to help relax. Some research shows that slow, paced breathing 5 to 7 deep breaths per minute combined with mindfulness techniques can reduce blood pressure.

There are devices available to promote slow, deep breathing. According to the American Heart Association, device-guided breathing may be a reasonable nondrug option for lowering blood pressure.

It may be an good option if you have anxiety with high blood pressure or can't tolerate standard treatments. High blood pressure and exercise. Medication-free hypertension control. Stress and high blood pressure.

Blood pressure medication: Still necessary if I lose weight? Can whole-grain foods lower blood pressure? High blood pressure and cold remedies: Which are safe? Resperate: Can it help reduce blood pressure? How to measure blood pressure using a manual monitor. How to measure blood pressure using an automatic monitor.

What is blood pressure? These supplements include: Fiber, such as blond psyllium and wheat bran Minerals, such as magnesium, calcium and potassium Folic acid Supplements or products that increase nitric oxide or widen blood vessels — called vasodilators — such as cocoa, coenzyme Q10, L-arginine and garlic Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish, high-dose fish oil supplements and flaxseed Researchers are also studying whether vitamin D can reduce blood pressure, but evidence is conflicting.

L-arginine: Does it lower blood pressure? Some things you can do to help manage the condition are: Take medicines as directed.

If side effects or costs pose problems, ask your provider about other options. Don't stop taking your medicines without first talking to a care provider. Schedule regular health checkups. It takes a team effort to treat high blood pressure successfully.

Work with your provider to bring your blood pressure to a safe level and keep it there. Know your goal blood pressure level. Choose healthy habits.

Eat healthy foods, lose excess weight and get regular physical activity. If you smoke, quit. Say no to extra tasks, release negative thoughts, and remain patient and optimistic. Ask for help. Sticking to lifestyle changes can be difficult, especially if you don't see or feel any symptoms of high blood pressure.

It may help to ask your friends and family to help you meet your goals. Join a support group. You may find that talking about any concerns with others in similar situations can help. What you can do Write down any symptoms that you're having. High blood pressure rarely has symptoms, but it's a risk factor for heart disease.

Let your care provider know if you have symptoms such as chest pains or shortness of breath. Doing so can help your provider decide how aggressively to treat your high blood pressure.

Write down important medical information, including a family history of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease or diabetes, and any major stresses or recent life changes.

Make a list of all medicines, vitamins or supplements that you're taking. Include dosages. Take a family member or friend along, if possible. Sometimes it can be difficult to remember all the information provided to you during an appointment.

Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot. Be prepared to discuss your diet and exercise habits. If you don't already follow a diet or exercise routine, be ready to talk to your care provider about any challenges you might face in getting started.

Write down questions to ask your provider. For high blood pressure, some basic questions to ask your provider include: What kinds of tests will I need? What is my blood pressure goal? Do I need any medicines?

Is there a generic alternative to the medicine you're prescribing for me? What foods should I eat or avoid? What's an appropriate level of physical activity? How often do I need to schedule appointments to check my blood pressure?

Should I monitor my blood pressure at home? I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together? Are there brochures or other printed material that I can have?

What websites do you recommend? Don't hesitate to ask any other questions that you might have. What to expect from your doctor Your health care provider is likely to ask you questions.

Your provider may ask: Do you have a family history of high cholesterol, high blood pressure or heart disease? What are your diet and exercise habits like? Do you drink alcohol? How many drinks do you have in a week? Do you smoke? When did you last have your blood pressure checked?

What was the result? What you can do in the meantime It's never too early to make healthy lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating healthy foods and getting more exercise. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Sep 15, Show References.

High blood pressure. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Accessed July 18, Flynn JT, et al. Clinical practice guideline for screening and management of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.

Department of Health and Human Services. Accessed June 15, Hypertension in adults: Screening. Preventive Services Task Force. Thomas G, et al. Blood pressure measurement in the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in adults. Muntner P, et al. Measurement of blood pressure in humans: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association.

Basile J, et al. Overview of hypertension in adults. Accessed July 22, Know your risk factors for high blood pressure. American Heart Association. Rethinking drinking. Alcohol and your health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Libby P, et al. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment.

In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. Elsevier; Hypertension adult. Mayo Clinic; About metabolic syndrome. Understanding blood pressure readings. Whelton PK, et al. Monitoring your blood pressure at home. Mann JF. Choice of drug therapy in primary essential hypertension.

Agasthi P, et al. Renal denervation for resistant hypertension in the contemporary era: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific Reports. Chernova I, et al. Resistant hypertension updated guidelines. Current Cardiology Reports. Forman JP, et al.

Diet in the treatment and prevention of hypertension. Goldman L, et al. Cognitive impairment and dementia. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine.

Managing stress to control high blood pressure. Brenner J, et al. Mindfulness with paced breathing reduces blood pressure.

Medical Hypothesis. Grundy SM, et al. Natural medicines in the clinical management of hypertension. Natural Medicines. Accessed Dec. Saper RB, et al. Overview of herbal medicine and dietary supplements.

Lopez-Jimenez F expert opinion. Mayo Clinic. Department of Health and Human Services and U. Department of Agriculture. Börjesson M, et al. Physical activity and exercise lower blood pressure in individuals with hypertension: Narrative review of 27 RCTs.

British Journal of Sports Medicine. Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. Life's essential 8: Updating and enhancing the American Heart Association's construct of cardiovascular health: A presidential advisory from the American Heart Association.

American Heart Association adds sleep to cardiovascular health checklist. Accessed July 15, News from Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic Q and A: Caffeine's effects on blood sugar and blood pressure. Mayo Clinic Minute: Is salt sneaking into your diet? Mayo Clinic Q and A: What time is best for blood pressure medication?

Mayo Clinic Minute: Are you using a salt substitute? Alcohol: Does it affect blood pressure? Show more related content. Anxiety: A cause of high blood pressure?

Blood pressure cuff: Does size matter? Blood pressure readings: Why higher at home? Blood pressure: Can it be higher in one arm? Blood pressure: Does it have a daily pattern? Blood pressure: Is it affected by cold weather? Caffeine and hypertension. Can having vitamin D deficiency cause high blood pressure?

Free blood pressure machines: Are they accurate? High blood pressure and sex. High blood pressure dangers. Home blood pressure monitoring. Hypertensive crisis: What are the symptoms? Isolated systolic hypertension: A health concern?

Medications and supplements that can raise your blood pressure. Menopause and high blood pressure: What's the connection? Pulse pressure: An indicator of heart health? Sleep deprivation: A cause of high blood pressure?

What is hypertension? A Mayo Clinic expert explains. White coat hypertension. Wrist blood pressure monitors: Are they accurate?

Associated Procedures. A Book: Mayo Clinic on High Blood Pressure. Blood Pressure Monitors at Mayo Clinic Store. The Mayo Clinic Diet Online.

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News Network. Price Transparency. Medical Professionals. Clinical Trials. Mayo Clinic Alumni Association. Always check with a doctor before using a supplement, as not all supplements are safe for everyone. They may worsen other conditions or interact with existing drugs.

Learn more about supplements that may lower blood pressure. A review found that consuming 30 g or more of alcohol appears to increase the heart rate for up to 24 hours. Blood pressure, meanwhile, tends to fall for the first 12 hours but then increases.

A standard drink contains around 14 grams of alcohol. Despite the hype, drinking a lot of red wine is not beneficial for heart health, according to the American Heart Association. They suggest limiting alcohol intake to two standard drinks per day for males and one per day for females.

How does alcohol affect the body? People who usually consume 1—3 cups of coffee per day are unlikely to experience a rise in blood pressure. However, your blood pressure might go up if you consume a lot of coffee or even a small amount when you are not used to it. In contrast, high-caffeine energy drinks may increase blood pressure and, with that, the risk of cardiovascular problems.

Experts discourage the consumption of energy drinks, especially among minors with existing health conditions. If you find that caffeine is affecting how you feel, you might want to try decaffeinated coffee.

Is caffeine good or bad for health? Some research suggests that drinking milliliters ml of water within 2 hours of waking up and another ml 2 hours before bedtime may help reduce blood pressure.

However, more research is needed. How much water do you need each day? Which medications can manage high blood pressure? This will depend on the cause and any existing diagnoses you have.

Sitting quietly and doing breathing exercises might help. A person with an existing diagnosis may need to take their prescribed medication. There is a strong link between salt intake and high blood pressure, and reducing salt in the diet can help lower the risk of hypertension and its complications.

How much salt do you need each day? High blood pressure increases the risk for a number of health conditions. People can often prevent it or manage it at home through exercise, dietary choices, stress management, and other strategies.

Read this article in Spanish. Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available. VIEW ALL HISTORY. If left untreated, high blood pressure may lead to heart failure. We show you how to lower your blood pressure using diet, supplements, exercise, and….

You can manage high blood pressure with more than medication. This article takes a look at seven home remedies for high blood pressure, including…. Several herbs may help lower high blood pressure. Learn more about good herbs for hypertension, from basil to hawthorn.

Foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium can help lower blood pressure. Take a look at our list and see which ones you'd like to add…. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, increases your risk of heart attack and stroke.

There are a variety of treatments that can help you manage your…. Statins may help to lower your blood pressure.

But what's normal and what do the numbers mean? Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can have many damaging effects on the body. Learn about these effects and why it's important to manage….

In a study of older adults living in long-term care, researchers randomly assigned facilities to use either a potassium-rich salt substitute or…. A Quiz for Teens Are You a Workaholic? How Well Do You Sleep? Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect. Skin Care. Medically reviewed by Avi Varma, MD, MPH, AAHIVS, FAAFP — By Marjorie Hecht — Updated on October 17, Exercise Manage weight Carbs Potassium and salt Heart-healthy diet Processed food Smoking Stress Dark chocolate Herbal remedies Sleep Garlic Protein Supplements Alcohol Caffeine Water Medication FAQ Summary Medications may help lower your blood pressure.

Get enough exercise. Manage weight. Cut back on sugar and refined carbohydrates. More potassium, less salt. Following a heart-healthy diet. Limit processed food. Quit or avoid smoking. Managing stress.

Eat some dark chocolate. Try these medicinal herbs. Get quality sleep. Eat garlic or take garlic extract supplements. Eat healthy high-protein foods.

Take supplements to lower blood pressure. Limit alcohol intake. Review your caffeine intake. Drink water. Take prescription medication. Frequently asked questions. How we reviewed this article: Sources. Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations.

We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy. Oct 17, Written By Marjorie Hecht.

May 25, Medically Reviewed By Avi Varma, MD, MPH, AAHIVS, FAAFP. Share this article.

High blood pressure (hypertension) - Treatment - NHS Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. In fact, by making these changes early on you may be able to avoid needing medicines. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Also in Spanish Anxiety: A Cause of High Blood Pressure? But adopting lifestyle changes may let you maintain healthy readings and perhaps even avoid drug therapy. Health Information Policy. People with overweight or obesity who followed low carb and low fat diets saw their diastolic blood pressure fall by an average of about 5 mm Hg and their systolic blood pressure by 3 mm Hg after 6 months.
6 natural ways to lower blood pressure - Harvard Health Height: feet centimeters inches. Sometimes lifestyle changes aren't enough to treat high blood pressure. Anxiety: A cause of high blood pressure? Reviewing all your medicines, including those bought without a prescription. Request an appointment.
Your HBP deserves your attention. Prevent High Blood Pressure. Blood pressure, meanwhile, tends to fall for the first 12 hours but then increases. Kids often need more. Blood pressure is grouped according to how high it is. Find out if you need to lose weight with the BMI healthy weight calculator If you do need to lose some weight, it's worth remembering that just losing a few pounds will make a big difference to your blood pressure and overall health.
Need to drop Minerals for muscle recovery blood pressure by up Reduuce 20 hihg One of the best Antioxidant-rich foods Reduce high blood pressure accomplish this feat is pessure returning Electrolyte balance tips your ideal body weight. You can calculate it by determining your body mass index use the BMI calculator at the bottom of the page. Exercise lowers blood pressure by reducing blood vessel stiffness so blood can flow more easily. The effects of exercise are most noticeable during and immediately after a workout.

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