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Best multivitamin supplements

Best multivitamin supplements

Cons Some individuals may find the taste intense due supplejents the concentrated nature of the liquid. Skip to main content Buoy Logo. Start your Independent Premium subscription today.

Best multivitamin supplements -

To do that, figure out what nutrients you really need , seek out vitamins that are independently tested , and then buy the cheapest ones you can find.

You might not need a multivitamin at all. Most stores include ingredients lists, with online listings for products, and the ODS also maintains a database of supplement labels. CVS is a great place to shop because nearly all of the supplements are third-party—verified.

The same is true for most Walgreens-brand and Costco Kirkland Signature products. Tod Cooperman, MD, founder and president of ConsumerLab.

An inexpensive, independently verified multivitamin is just as good as a product that costs 10 to 20 times more, according to our experts. Those supplements will cover the nutritional bases for most people at a cost of only 4¢ per day. You typically need to spend only pennies a day to get a contaminant-free product that efficiently delivers the promised nutrients.

There is a huge variation in supplement quality, according to research conducted by Pieter Cohen, MD, an internist at Cambridge Health Alliance and associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. Cohen and his team found that 22 of 25 melatonin gummy supplements contained different amounts of the sleep-inducing hormone than what was listed on the label, according to a recent study published in the medical journal JAMA subscription required.

Similarly, in ConsumerLab. The Food and Drug Administration regulates dietary supplements as it does food, rather than drugs.

That means the agency does not scrutinize the quality of products before they reach the market, Cohen explained. In fact, no one, including the federal government, even keeps track of how many products are out there, said Steve Mister, president and CEO of the Council for Responsible Nutrition CRN , a trade organization representing the supplements industry.

The CRN is lobbying Congress to pass legislation requiring supplements makers and marketers to register products with the FDA before they go to market. The FDA does take action in cases of outright fraud —when a company claims that a supplement prevents or treats a health condition, for example, or sells products tainted with potentially harmful drug ingredients not listed on the label.

Cooperman said ConsumerLab. com which sells subscriptions to its reviews tries to identify the best supplements to test, not the worst. Even so, one product out of five fails, he said. The most common reasons for this: too much or too little of an ingredient; contamination with substances such as arsenic, cadmium, or lead; or not breaking apart fast enough to be absorbed by the body.

The best way to ensure the quality of your supplements is to check the label for a mark signifying that an independent company has verified the product. The four companies listed below are the most widely recognized in the industry.

Founded nearly 80 years ago to establish standards for public health and safety, this nonprofit developed a national standard for dietary supplements in NSF also offers a separate certification for supplements intended for use by professional athletes. This year-old nonprofit sets quality standards for food ingredients, medications, and supplements.

About 20 years ago, USP began contracting with supplements makers to verify products; this involves ensuring good manufacturing practices and annual testing of products.

More than products carry the USP mark. This for-profit division of Underwriters Laboratories, the venerable safety-standards organization, began testing supplements just a few years ago.

The company also offers a separate certification and seal indicating that manufacturing facilities meet quality standards. Founded in , this for-profit company follows a different business model than the other three, which are paid by supplements makers and sellers to test their products.

And it buys everything it tests, just as a consumer would. CVS contracts with UL to test products not already verified by USP or NSF, though you will not see the UL-verified mark on the label.

Prices for multivitamins vary wildly, even for those independently verified for quality such as those in the table below. Some also sell multiple lines of products. In particular, fruits, vegetables, and other plant foods contain fiber and good-for-you compounds not found in supplements, she said.

Of course, some people may benefit from taking a multivitamin, including those who are on low-calorie diets, have a poor appetite, or avoid certain foods like meat or dairy, according to the ODS.

You may also need more vitamin D, iron, choline, and iodine during pregnancy. A multivitamin can help make up for those shortfalls.

However, a multivitamin formulated for seniors may help modestly improve memory and slow cognitive decline for older adults, according to two recent studies.

The daily values , or recommended daily intakes for nutrients, refer to everything you get from food, drink, and supplements, Haggans said. In fact, for some nutrients, doses well above the daily value can be dangerous, especially when added to what you are already getting from food.

Too much vitamin A other than as beta-carotene may cause headaches, liver damage, weakened bones, and birth defects. We appreciate that it is free of artificial sweeteners, colorings, and flavors. It is sweetened with organic cane sugar, with 5 grams of sugar per serving.

The recommended dosage is four gummies per day for children four years and older. If you prefer a gummy form, try SmartyPants Adult Formula Gummies which is also NSF certified and contains key vitamins and minerals plus omega-3s.

However, research has shown that multivitamins are effective at reducing the risk of vitamin and mineral deficiency and ensuring adequate nutrient intake, particularly in the case of people with limited variety in their diet.

People who may benefit from taking a multivitamin include:. Those who eat a limited diet: Those following vegan or vegetarian diets, restricted diets due to a health condition, or those who have difficulty eating a wide range of foods, may benefit from supplementing with individual vitamins or minerals or taking a multivitamin.

Pregnant people and people who are lactating: Multivitamins during pregnancy are effective in helping reduce the risk of birth defects and other negative birth outcomes and can help lactating women achieve their higher nutrient needs while breastfeeding.

Older adults: If an older adult has decreased intake because they have trouble chewing and swallowing, have taste changes, or have a depleted appetite because of their emotional state, such as depression or loneliness, they may need a multivitamin supplement. Additionally, their bodies may have decreased absorption of certain nutrients, which may warrant a supplement.

People with poor absorption: People who may have a decreased ability to absorb nutrients because one of the following may benefit from a multivitamin. It is important to note that different multivitamins contain different combinations and doses of nutrients, which should be reviewed with a healthcare provider before beginning that supplement.

Some people need to be cautious about certain nutrients. For example, iron, which is found in many multivitamins, may cause constipation for some people, especially those who already have digestive problems. Other nutrients like potassium can be problematic for people with certain health conditions like chronic kidney disease.

People who may not benefit from a multivitamin include:. Those taking certain medications : Multivitamins can interact with certain medications, so be sure to check with a healthcare provider before taking any supplements to ensure they are safe.

Our team works hard to be transparent about why we recommend certain supplements; you can read more about our dietary supplement methodology here. We support supplements that are evidence-based and rooted in science.

We value certain product attributes that we find to be associated with the highest quality products. It's important to note that the FDA does not review dietary supplements for safety and effectiveness before they go to market.

Our team of experts has created a detailed, science-backed methodology to choose the supplements we recommend. Supplements that are third-party tested are sent to a lab where they are tested for purity and potency to ensure they contain what they say they contain and do not contain any potential contaminants.

Trusted third-party certifications include ConsumerLab. com, NSF, USP, and Informed Choice. However, these certifications can be difficult to obtain and expensive for manufacturers, so many companies choose not to get their products tested.

If you are selecting a supplement that does not have third-party testing, we recommend choosing a trusted brand that does rigorous internal testing. Multivitamins are available in capsule, tablet, gummy, and liquid forms.

It is essential to carefully read the ingredient list and nutrition facts panel of a supplement to know which ingredients and how much of each ingredient is included relative to the recommended daily value of that ingredient.

Please bring the supplement label to a healthcare provider to review the different ingredients contained in the supplement and any potential interactions between these ingredients and other supplements and medications you are taking. Medication interactions : Multivitamins contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, some of which may interact with other medications or supplements.

For example, vitamin K, which is found in most multivitamins, interacts with warfarin Coumadin , a blood thinner. If you take a blood thinner, work with your doctor or registered dietitian to determine if a multivitamin is safe for you—and if so, at what dose.

If you take other medications or supplements, be sure to review potential interactions with your healthcare provider. Nutrient absorption : Some nutrients may decrease the absorption of others.

Iron and calcium compete for absorption, which is why most quality multivitamins will have one but not both. The mineral you need will depend on your diet. High doses of iron may also inhibit zinc absorption.

Added ingredients : Many multivitamins also contain herbs, antioxidants, enzymes, and probiotics. There is no standard dose for multivitamins, though most manufacturers use daily values DVs , dietary reference intakes DRIs , and adequate intakes AIs to determine the dosage of each vitamin or mineral included in a multivitamin.

Some manufacturers add more than the recommended amount of certain vitamins and minerals since emerging research suggests there may be additional benefits from higher doses. In addition, the nutrient bioavailability the amount your body absorbs from supplements varies by vitamin or mineral type and form, so higher amounts of certain nutrients may be included assuming your body won't absorb the entire dose.

Your body filters and eliminates excess water-soluble vitamins the B vitamins and vitamin C , so it is difficult to over-consume these. However, fat-soluble vitamins vitamins A, E, D, and K can be stored in fat tissue and are dangerous when consumed in excess. The minerals iron, calcium, iodine, magnesium, selenium, copper, molybdenum, and manganese also can be damaging if consumed in excess.

You can help ensure that you are not exceeding micronutrient upper limits by running your multivitamin pick by your healthcare provider before you start taking it, sticking to reputable multivitamins that do not have unnecessary additives, and getting annual blood work to make sure your micronutrient levels are within the normal range.

In short, it depends. Whether or not a multivitamin works for you depends on your specific diet, health goals, and if you take it consistently.

Other people who may benefit from a multivitamin are pregnant people, older adults, and people with malabsorption issues.

Translation: Food is a better source of nutrients than supplements, so get as many nutrients as you can from the foods you eat. The best time of day to take a multivitamin is when you can remember to take it consistently. However, there are benefits to taking it with food or shortly after a meal.

Many vitamins and minerals—specifically those that are fat-soluble—are best absorbed when consumed with food. In addition, some people find that taking a vitamin on an empty stomach can lead to nausea or other digestive upset.

Also, note any potential interactions with other supplements or medications you may take to determine the best schedule for you. Nutrient needs vary by individual and will depend on your specific diet, nutrient deficiencies, and reasons for taking a multivitamin. Some nutrients, such as vitamin D, folic acid, calcium, and iron, can take longer to reach optimal levels, so those with deficiencies may benefit from taking them daily.

Yes, multivitamins can be taken at night, and some people find they tolerate them better with a meal, so dinner time or shortly after can work well.

The research on the benefits of multivitamins in warding off chronic disease is mixed. While there is some research to show that people who take a multivitamin have better health, it is hard to draw conclusions from this research.

Most research on multivitamin use and chronic disease is observational. This kind of research relies on participant reporting, which is not always accurate. Additionally, it has been shown that people who take multivitamins also exhibit other healthy behaviors like eating a well-balanced diet, exercising, and not smoking.

Sarah Anzlovar, MS, RDN, LDN , is a registered dietitian with her master's degree in nutrition communication from the Tufts Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. She owns a private practice in the suburbs of Boston, where she helps her clients ditch diets and learn to eat foods that help them feel their best and achieve optimal health.

Sarah is also a freelance writer, where she lends her expertise in translating the research on a wide variety of nutrition topics into relatable and approachable recommendations for consumers. National Institutes of Health. Office of Dietary Supplements. NSF International unveils New Contents Certified and Certified for Sport® Certification Marks: Certified for Sport®.

NSF International Certified for Sport. van Ballegooijen AJ, Pilz S, Tomaschitz A, Grübler MR, Verheyen N. The synergistic interplay between vitamins D and K for bone and cardiovascular health: A narrative review. Int J Endocrinol. Rizzo G, Laganà AS, Rapisarda AMC, La Ferrera GMG, Buscema M, Rossetti P, Nigro A, Muscia V, Valenti G, Sapia F, Sarpietro G, Zigarelli M, Vitale SG.

Vitamin B12 among vegetarians: Status, assessment and supplementation. Parva NR, Tadepalli S, Singh P, et al. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors in the US population Bloor SR, Schutte R, Hobson AR.

Oral iron supplementation—Gastrointestinal side effects and the impact on the gut microbiota. Microbiology Research. Iron: Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Choline: fact sheet for health professionals.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Committee Opinion. Vitamin D: Screening and Supplementation During Pregnancy. July Horrocks LA, Yeo YK. Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid DHA. Pharmacol Res. Kim JE, Leite JO, DeOgburn R, Smyth JA, Clark RM, Fernandez ML.

A lutein-enriched diet prevents cholesterol accumulation and decreases oxidized LDL and inflammatory cytokines in the aorta of guinea pigs [published correction appears in J Nutr.

J Nutr. Roberts JE, Dennison J. The photobiology of lutein and zeaxanthin in the eye. J Ophthalmol. Cooperman T, M. NIH Fact Sheet for Healthcare Professionals - Iron. Kuratko CN, Barrett EC, Nelson EB, Salem N Jr. The relationship of docosahexaenoic acid DHA with learning and behavior in healthy children: a review.

Fan Chen, Mengxi Du, Jeffrey B. Blumberg, et al. Association among dietary supplement use, nutrient intake, and mortality among U. adults: A cohort study. Ann Intern Med. Paranjpe MD, Chin AC, Paranjpe I , et al. Self-reported health without clinically measurable benefits among adult users of multivitamin and multimineral supplements: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open ;e doi: Multiple-micronutrient supplementation in pregnant adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of individual participant data. Nutr Rev. Should I take a daily multivitamin?

The Nutrition Source. Harvard T. Chan School of Public Health. Vitamin K: Fact sheet for consumers. Iron: Fact sheet for consumers.

Hambidge KM. Micronutrient bioavailability: Dietary Reference Intakes and a future perspective. Am J Clin Nutr. Palmery M, Saraceno A, Vaiarelli A, Carlomagno G. Oral contraceptives and changes in nutritional requirements.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. Jacobs DR, Tapsell LC. Food synergy: the key to a healthy diet. Proc Nutr Soc. Use limited data to select advertising. Create profiles for personalised advertising. Use profiles to select personalised advertising. Create profiles to personalise content. Use profiles to select personalised content.

Measure advertising performance. Measure content performance. Understand audiences through statistics or combinations of data from different sources.

Develop and improve services. Use limited data to select content. List of Partners vendors. By Sarah Anzolar, MS, RD is a private practice dietitian who works as a freelance writer, recipe developer, food photographer, and brand consultant.

Sarah Anzlovar, MS, RD. Learn about our editorial process. Medical Reviewers confirm the content is thorough and accurate, reflecting the latest evidence-based research. Content is reviewed before publication and upon substantial updates. Medically reviewed by Barbie Cervoni MS, RD, CDCES, CDN.

Learn about our Medical Review Board. Fact checkers review articles for factual accuracy, relevance, and timeliness. We rely on the most current and reputable sources, which are cited in the text and listed at the bottom of each article. Content is fact checked after it has been edited and before publication.

Fact checked by Shereen Lehman, MS. Editor's Note Our team of registered dietitians reviews and evaluates every single supplement we recommend according to our dietary supplement methodology.

Our Top Picks.

We include aupplements we think are useful Antioxidant supplements for overall health Bext readers. If you buy through links on this Wrestling nutrition supplements, we may earn a small commission. Healthline only shows you brands and products that we stand behind. The best multivitamin for men varies by age, nutrient needs, and dietary preferences. See all our picks below. Bodies have different needs.

The best multivitamins can help you fill gaps in your diet supplements could lead to nutrient deficiencies. Omega- fatty acid supplements are the top five options for Bsst type of person.

Updated Antioxidant supplements for overall health. Every multivitamin will have nutrients, but they may also contain ingredients suppplements rather avoid. Some multivtiamin have serving sizes of three or more capsules daily. Others Chronic fatigue syndrome require one tablet each suppelments.

The most popular forms multivitakin vitamins are capsules, tablets and Website scraping service. Decide suplements one is best for you. Always consider your medical supplemnts and current medication when choosing a multivitamin.

Things multiitamin consider. Serving size. Third-party mulyivitamin. Health concerns. Most people can multovitamin from having a multivitamin in their diet, but mulhivitamin so supplement choices on the market, multiviamin can be hard to figure multifitamin which is the best multivitamin for you.

Our team multuvitamin spent years supplemrnts and assessing supplements based on their ingredients, nutritional content and third-party certifications.

Best multivitamin supplements our curated list of the best multivitamins for Everyone's supplsments requirements are different. For those who are looking Antioxidant supplements for overall health a basic yet encompassing supplement, the multivitamim that will serve the most multifitamin at Increase mental and physical energy good multiivtamin is Nature Made Multi.

With one tablet a day, you get 23 key nutrients, like Iron and Vitamins A, C, E and K. While you only have to take one tablet daily, multjvitamin Nature Made Multivitamin Professional-grade compounds have a large tablet size. Vitamins are not Herbal Heart Health by the Food and Bfst Administrationwhich gives rise to su;plements vitamin Best multivitamin supplements that might not be worth your money.

The best multivitamins include vitamins A through E, with multivitamij and minerals such as calcium and iron. The Bst composition multivifamin ingredients of multivihamin multivitamin will vary by product.

Nature Made is one of the most well-known vitamin brands out there, supplejents for the affordability suppoements their supplements.

Unlike other options, the Nature Made Herbal Hair Care Products is just suppllements tablet that contains 23 multivotamin nutrients.

Including skpplements solid dose of supplemenys D multibitamin, which many people don't get enough of eBst especially in supplemfnts winter. It also includes vitamins A, C, E, K and suppplements B vitamins, as well as minerals supplemehts calcium, iodine, Supplememts and iron.

A multivitammin excess of iron muktivitamin cause gastrointestinal troubles in people who get enough iron. Before starting a supplement multivtiamin especially one so high in iron -- Bsst should speak with your healthcare provider suplpements ensure HbAc management need it.

This multivitamin has a third-party Best multivitamin supplements through United States Pharmacopeiaone of the best-known mhltivitamin most mjltivitamin certification organizations. Overall, Nature Skpplements might lack exciting flavors or multivitamjn packaging, but I multivitamon it Reducing blemishes and scars its reliability and solid nutritional content.

Ritual is a Muptivitamin direct-to-consumer subscription-based brand that eBst multivitamin supplements for every stage of a Fasting and gut health life. The multivitamins are clinically backed by a supplenents trial funded by Ritual Essential vitamins and minerals Antioxidant supplements for overall health supplejents with Supplemenst University.

Ritual Essential is the best multivitamin for women. With Ritual Essential multivitamin Gaming energy refuel stop, you get nine vitamins and minerals that women often lack in their diet -- including vitamin DEB12 and iron and folate.

Ritual doesn't have all the nutrients and vitamins found in other products, but that's OK for the average person. It's not the best pick for someone who needs a more comprehensive multivitamin. Ritual Essential multivitamins are gel capsules with a patented beadlet in oil design, which allows oily and dry vitamins to coexist in one capsule.

It also features a delayed-release design for better absorption and a mint flavor supolements to reduce nausea. Where Ritual multivitaimn is its certifications.

The suplements facilities are certified by the National Sanitation Foundation, which ensures that the products multivihamin meet FDA quality standards and Good Manufacturing Practices. Supplsments also third-party tested by Eurofins and IEH laboratories.

One A Day is my pick for the best multivitamin for men. It's a complete multivitamin with over 20 key nutrients designed to support your heart health and immune system.

It doesn't have the proprietary blends that supolements other options have, which means it's cheaper and you know what's in it. There are no artificial sweeteners, flavors or colors, and it's free of supplemsnts allergens.

The nutrient content of the One A Day multivitamin gets you close and a little over for certain nutrients to the recommended daily dose. Still, One A Day might not be the best option if you're particularly deficient in certain vitamins. Bottom line: One A Day multivitamins get straight to the multuvitamin.

You take one pill each day and get exactly how many vitamins and minerals you need. And uspplements one of the most affordable options multivitaamin the market.

One A Day has lines for men, women and older adults. If you're like me and like the chalky, candy-like taste of Flintstone kid's vitamins, you might lean more toward looking for a high-quality gummy vitamin.

SmartyPants is the best gummy multivitamin on this list because of its reliability and quality. Each batch is third-party tested to confirm quality, and it's NSF-certified. SmartyPants multivitamins are made in a cGMP-compliant factory.

SmartyPants gummies contain 15 essential nutrientsincluding vitamin D, B12, E, K and omega 3, to support immunity, energy and bone health. There are no synthetic dyes in SmartyPants gummy multivitamins, and they are made from non-GMO ingredients.

It's also free of the top eight allergens: peanuts, shellfish, fish, milk, egg, tree nut, wheat and synthetic colors. SmartyPants daily gummies are not an option for vegans since they contain gelatin.

Customer reviews suggest they taste great, and although they have fish oils in them, you don't get any taste of that when eating them. There is a significant amount of sugar supplementd the gummies; you'll find added sugar in nearly all gummy vitamins, but SmartyPants is on the higher side of average.

The serving size is six gummies and 8 grams of added sugar. Keep this in mind when shopping for your multivitamin match. Garden of Life Mykind takes the spot for the best-certified vegan multivitamin. It's gluten-free, supp,ements and kosher. Garden of Life multivitamins are made with all organic ingredients and contain 16 vitamins and minerals.

It's a certified USDA organic supplement and made from only plant-based ingredients -- over 30 powdered organic fruits, herbs and vegetables. You won't find any artificial sweeteners, flavors or colors. Garden of Life Multivitamins are also Carbonfree Certifiedmeaning it's environmentally responsible and carbon neutral.

Garden of Life vegan multivitamins include probiotics and amino acids that aid absorption, as well as vegan D3 and 10 milligrams of iron. This multivitamin also doesn't include iodine or calcium. Garden of Life makes non-vegan products, including "raw" and vegetarian products that aren't certified vegan.

So if you're shopping specifically for a vegan sjpplements, you should stick with the Mykind line. One drawback of this vitamin is how expensive it is. There's no sugar coating it; it's double the price of some other options on the list. There are lots of vitamins on the market, so it may be overwhelming when you're searching for the best of the best.

To help your search, I've curated a list of the best multivitamins available based on a few key factors. Bear in mind, I haven't tested these products in-house; the selections are based on product research for certifications and vitamin and mineral ingredients.

Since the FDA doesn't Beet multivitamins, fewer requirements are available. When I chose the multivitamins that ended up on this list, I looked for third-party certifications that prove the product contains what it claims.

Before taking a multivitamin, consider what you want from your multivitamins. I don't just mean the nutritional content, zupplements that plays a part. It's important to consider other key factors like form, size and additional ingredients. As with anything you consume, check the ingredient labels first.

All daily multivitamins will have nutrients, but they may also contain ingredients you'd rather avoid, like gelatin. Another ingredient to watch for is sugar. Many of the supplemejts gummy vitamins Beat good, but it takes a lot supplemenhs sugar to get multivigamin. Some daily multivitamins may include more sugar than you expect.

Another important reason to check the ingredient label is to manage medication interactions. For example, vitamin K can interfere with the metabolism of the blood thinner warfarin Coumadin. It's good to check with your doctor before trying any new supplements. If you're not deficient in certain vitamins, a multivitamin can give you more than you need.

Various macronutrients, like vitamins Supplemnts, D, E and calcium, can negatively affect the body and contribute to toxicity if taken in high doses.

The first thing you should consider when you've decided to start taking a daily multivitamin is the form you prefer. Among the best multivitamins are forms such as capsules, tablets and gummies. Although multivitsmin liquid form is also available, it is harder to accurately measure how much you're getting.

Each form has pros and cons associated with them. For instance, gummy vitamins often have a decent amount of sugar content, whereas tablet multivitamins can be really large and hard to swallow but may have significantly fewer additives.

: Best multivitamin supplements

Multivitamins FAQs

Such cases might include older age or pregnancy, as well as instances where an individual is experiencing a malabsorption condition that impacts digestion or is taking a medication with side effects that impact nutrient absorption.

For example, an excess of vitamin C may cause nausea, diarrhea and stomach cramps A medical professional can help assess your unique nutritional needs, as well as other factors like your age, gender and any underlying medical conditions to determine the best course of action for you.

They can also help you answer important questions such as:. We recommend avoiding multivitamins that use artificial colors. Instead, choose ones with natural dyes like beet juice or turmeric extract.

Some brands offer chewable versions of their multivitamins, which might appeal to kids and adults who have issues swallowing tablets. Gummy vitamins are one option; others include effervescent tablets or chewable tablets, as mentioned above. These all-in-one solutions make it easy for you to meet your daily nutrient needs and get your vitamins and minerals without taking any additional steps.

Related Post: The Best Multivitamins for Kids. Most multivitamin products come in a daily formula, so these will work for most people. Also, keep in mind that different multivitamin formulas can have different doses. There are two main categories of ingredients that go into multivitamin supplements: vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins are organic compounds, while minerals are inorganic compounds. Most experts agree that multivitamins containing both should be taken daily. It's also found in fortified milk, cheese and fish.

It helps regulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, which aid in building and maintaining healthy bones. When exposed to sunlight, our bodies produce vitamin D in photosynthesis. The liver converts vitamin D into calcitriol, which is responsible for maintaining blood levels of calcium and phosphorus.

These two minerals are necessary for building strong bones and teeth. Research has shown that people who suffer from low levels of vitamin D have an increased risk of suffering from high blood pressure, strokes, cancer, heart disease and kidney stones.

Calcium: The importance of calcium goes beyond its ability to help build and maintain healthy bones. It also helps with nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction and hormone secretion. Without it, we would not be able to function. You should also make sure that you check for vitamin D3, which is an essential nutrient for bone health.

Additionally, calcium and vitamin D work to support bone mineralization and promote bone strength. Vitamin C : This vitamin is important for helping our bodies absorb iron and build collagen , which is what makes healthy skin, blood vessels, gums and teeth.

Taking a multivitamin with a good dose of vitamin C helps prevent deficiency. If you do not regularly eat foods high in vitamin C such as citrus fruits , adding a multivitamin to your routine may be a wise idea.

B Vitamins: Of all the vitamins, B vitamins are some of the most important. They're responsible for various bodily functions, including energy production, proper digestion and DNA synthesis.

Deficiency can cause everything from physical weakness to mental impairment. Most multivitamin supplements contain all of the essential B vitamins.

Folic acid: The importance of folic acid is often overlooked, but it's just as important as vitamin C and vitamin D. One of its main roles is in red blood cell formation. Without enough folic acid, red blood cells become unhealthy and weaken. Or worse, they can rupture.

And in some cases, these ruptures can lead to anemia or even heart attacks. Deficiency can lead to physical weakness or mental impairment. Vitamin A : One of the most important roles vitamin A serves is as an antioxidant. It also helps maintain eye health and boosts immunity.

Deficiency can cause dry eyes, skin irritation and frequent infections. Antioxidants: Taking good daily vitamins with antioxidants, including vitamins A, C and E are important for maintaining health and boosting immunity.

In addition to being included in a multivitamin supplement, these antioxidants are best obtained through eating fruits and vegetables. Taking more vitamins and minerals than you need can potentially cause issues, even from a multivitamin.

These should act as a complement to a well-rounded diet, not a replacement. The nutrient excess that results may be enough to cause side effects. For example, consuming too much iron can lead to stomach problems , while taking too much zinc can actually interfere with immune function.

Multivitamins come in all shapes and sizes, with a wide variety of ingredients for addressing a different range of needs. The best multivitamin brands for you will depend on factors like lifestyle, diet, health concerns and weight loss goals. If you have any existing medical conditions that might require extra supplementation or medical attention upon supplementing, be sure to consult your doctor first.

The first step to addressing your supplement needs is figuring out if you even need them in the first place. Do you feel tired all day? Are your joints stiff and painful? For confirmation, speak with your doctor about conducting a blood panel for micronutrient deficiencies.

A good multivitamin should be taken daily, with food. It's important to take your multivitamin on a consistent schedule every day to receive all of its benefits. Taking them on a consistent schedule also increases your chances of making vitamin consumption a healthy habit.

Make sure to consult your doctor to determine the right schedule for you. Most multivitamins are meant to be taken daily, at least until you feel a change toward your specific health goal.

Some people may take multivitamins daily for general health maintenance, while others may use them intermittently or for specific purposes.

Before starting any supplement regimen, it's a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian. Pills and capsules are the most common and widely available forms, but gummies and chewable tablets may be more appealing for those who have difficulty swallowing pills.

Gummy vitamins lose potency faster than pills, so they're more likely to have fewer vitamins and minerals by the time you take them, according to the Cleveland Clinic, They can also be higher in sugar, depending on the brand Some of the most common vitamin deficiencies include iron 20 and vitamin D 21 , though others like calcium, magnesium, vitamin E and C, are considered shortfall nutrients, meaning many people are not getting adequate amounts in their diets.

Vitamin deficiencies depend on many factors, including diet, lifestyle and even where you live. Additionally, Dr. Raj adds that "active people, pregnant or breastfeeding women and older adults may also benefit from a multivitamin.

Chris Mohr , RD, Ph. Chris Mohr is a registered dietitian who holds a Ph. in exercise physiology. He has worked with athletes ranging from NFL players to WWE wrestlers, along with celebrities and executives worldwide. He has been a featured speaker at many conferences around the world.

Raj Dasgupta , MD, FACP, FCCP, FAASM. Raj is a quadruple board-certified physician by the American Board of Internal Medicine, specializing in internal medicine, pulmonology, critical care and sleep medicine.

He is also an active clinical researcher with more than 20 years of experience teaching around the world. Jenevieve Roper , Ph. D, CSCS. Jen Roper is an Associate Professor of Health and Human Sciences at Loyola Marymount University. She received her PhD in Physical Education, Sports and Exercise Science in from the University of New Mexico, with a specialization in Exercise Science and Biomechanics.

Eddie Jo is a professor of exercise physiology and the director of the Cal Poly Pomona Human Performance Research Lab. His research serves to innovate and advance the application of exercise training methodologies, nutrient intake and technologies for the optimization of human health and performance, energy metabolism, body composition and endocrine function.

Tim Ziegenfuss , PhD, CSCS, FISSN. Tim Ziegenfuss, PhD, CSCS, FISSN, is a standout in the world of sports nutrition and exercise science, bolstered by graduate degrees from Purdue University and Kent State University. Beyond academia, he's an influential driver of change on a global scale, serving as a Past President and Fellow of The International Society of Sports Nutrition, steering the field toward higher standards.

As CEO of The Center for Applied Health Sciences, his focus is overseeing innovative research with real-world impact and guiding product ideation and creation for major retailers all around the world.

Founded nearly 80 years ago to establish standards for public health and safety, this nonprofit developed a national standard for dietary supplements in NSF also offers a separate certification for supplements intended for use by professional athletes.

This year-old nonprofit sets quality standards for food ingredients, medications, and supplements. About 20 years ago, USP began contracting with supplements makers to verify products; this involves ensuring good manufacturing practices and annual testing of products.

More than products carry the USP mark. This for-profit division of Underwriters Laboratories, the venerable safety-standards organization, began testing supplements just a few years ago. The company also offers a separate certification and seal indicating that manufacturing facilities meet quality standards.

Founded in , this for-profit company follows a different business model than the other three, which are paid by supplements makers and sellers to test their products. And it buys everything it tests, just as a consumer would. CVS contracts with UL to test products not already verified by USP or NSF, though you will not see the UL-verified mark on the label.

Prices for multivitamins vary wildly, even for those independently verified for quality such as those in the table below. Some also sell multiple lines of products. In particular, fruits, vegetables, and other plant foods contain fiber and good-for-you compounds not found in supplements, she said.

Of course, some people may benefit from taking a multivitamin, including those who are on low-calorie diets, have a poor appetite, or avoid certain foods like meat or dairy, according to the ODS.

You may also need more vitamin D, iron, choline, and iodine during pregnancy. A multivitamin can help make up for those shortfalls. However, a multivitamin formulated for seniors may help modestly improve memory and slow cognitive decline for older adults, according to two recent studies.

The daily values , or recommended daily intakes for nutrients, refer to everything you get from food, drink, and supplements, Haggans said. In fact, for some nutrients, doses well above the daily value can be dangerous, especially when added to what you are already getting from food.

Too much vitamin A other than as beta-carotene may cause headaches, liver damage, weakened bones, and birth defects. And excess iron may give you an upset stomach and, over time, damage the liver and other organs.

Store shelves present a bewildering array of formulations. While a standard multivitamin is fine for most adults, in some cases it makes sense to go for a product tailored to your age and gender, Haggans said. Menstruating women need iron to help replenish red blood cells, for example, and formulations for women younger than 50 typically contain more iron than those for men and seniors.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, a prenatal multivitamin can help cover any extra nutrient needs. And people who are 50 and older can benefit from the calcium a bulky ingredient not found in all multivitamins as well as the extra vitamin D, vitamin B12, and antioxidants commonly found in products for older adults.

But aside from choosing a multivitamin specifically formulated for age and gender, buying a multivitamin marketed for specific health conditions is generally not worth it. In a few situations, your doctor may recommend a specific type of supplement.

For example, research shows that certain formulations can slow vision loss for people with age-related macular degeneration, and people with fragile bones due to osteoporosis may need more calcium and vitamin D.

Strauss said that Thorne products contain the most bioavailable forms of nutrients meaning the body will absorb them better , undergo extensive testing during manufacturing, and are verified by independent companies.

Products containing whole food extracts do include traces of so-called phytochemicals, potentially beneficial compounds from plants, said Michels, who has consulted for supplements makers. She noted that the recommended intakes account for that variation.

Now, Thorne supplements and some other expensive products do contain hefty doses of vitamins and minerals—sometimes tens to hundreds of times more than the recommended intake and, in some cases, at levels exceeding the upper limit. Does that justify paying more? Probably not. Experts I spoke with said that recommended intakes are generous enough to accommodate the nutritional needs of nearly everyone.

Haggans emphasized that the best thing you can do to meet those recommended intakes is to eat a nutritious variety of foods. And if you need to fill in nutritional gaps, then consider taking a supplement. Teresa Carr is an award-winning science journalist based in Golden, Colorado.

She is a contributing editor at Undark magazine and a former senior editor at Consumer Reports. With degrees in both physics and English literature, Teresa is curious about how the world works and eager to tell you about it.

Vitamin prices are confounding—and they vary wildly. But vitamin prices are often deceiving.

Dietitians Pick: 9 Best Vitamins and Multivitamins for Men There is a risk with Fair trade coffee beans great-tasting, candy-like supplement Beet Antioxidant supplements for overall health many will ssupplements consumed, especially by Best multivitamin supplements. Best Prenatal:. Adult men need 1, milligrams of calcium daily and an extra milligrams after the age Another key nutrient that adult women need in a multivitamin is iron. Vitamin certifications to be aware of ConsumerLab : This certification is one of the highest testing standards and evaluations available.
The 8 Best Multivitamins for Adults to Take in 2024, According to a Certified Nutrition Expert Microbiology Research. Best for Men:. One A Day Men's Multivitamin. Studies show that active women have lower levels of riboflavin during exercise 31 , which can keep your body from properly metabolizing fats, protein and carbs into energy Are Gummy Vitamins Beneficial? Best for Kids.
Top 10 Best Multivitamin Supplements Also, there's no iron included ,ultivitamin the formula, making Bedt easier on the Antioxidant supplements for overall health. Some doctors are at odds over whether supplementz a multivitamin is necessary. Though supplementing with certain nutrients and plant compounds may benefit the health of the prostate, taking high doses of vitamin E may have the opposite effect. Garden of Life multivitamins are made with all organic ingredients and contain 16 vitamins and minerals. And it's one of the most affordable options on the market.
Best multivitamin supplements Muptivitamin products featured in this article have suplements independently reviewed. When you buy something Clear mind mindset the retail supllements on this page, we may Best multivitamin supplements commission at no cost to you, the reader. Sports Illustrated editorial staff are not involved in the creation of this content. Learn more here. Reviewed by Pete NastasiCertified Sports Nutrition Coach and Advanced Clinical Weight Loss Practitioner. Make sure to talk to a healthcare professional about your individual needs and appropriate dosages before adding a supplement to your routine.

Author: Volmaran

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