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BMI Measurement

BMI Measurement

A study Garlic for brain health people aged Anti-allergic home remedies years without BBMI at the start of the study found Meassurement waist circumference and BMI were both predictors of diabetes. It can put them at higher risk of a number of health conditions. But a healthcare professional will consider many other factors when assessing if you are a healthy weight.

BMI Measurement -

Click here to learn more. Once someone knows their BMI, they can find out where their measurement falls in the following standard weight categories from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute :.

It can also help people maintain a moderate weight, which can reduce their risk for:. While it correlates with body fat levels, BMI does not distinguish between the weight that comes from fat, muscle, and bone.

This is particularly true for people who are very muscular, peri- or postmenopausal , or have abdominal fat but are otherwise a moderate weight. Muscle tissue is denser than fat tissue.

This means that people with high levels of muscle may have a high body weight that classifies them as being overweight or having obesity, even if they have a low body fat percentage. People with high levels of muscle mass and a high BMI result typically have a lower risk of death than those with a high BMI score and lower muscle mass.

A high body fat percentage has an adverse effect on health. People with a moderate BMI but a high percentage of body fat may have a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a collection of risk factors that increase the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

These risk factors include high blood pressure , abdominal obesity and high fasting glucose levels. The average female loses roughly 13 pounds of muscle and bone between the ages of 25 and 65, while belly fat increases to four times its previous amount.

As a result, BMI calculations may be inaccurate for postmenopausal women, who may have high body fat percentages but maintain moderate BMI. In severe cases, this may lead a person to miss out on preventive treatments for obesity-related conditions. Learn more about the limitations of using BMI here.

In addition to BMI, people assigned female at birth can use other methods to understand their weight, body composition, and risk for certain diseases. People can measure the circumference of their waist using a soft tape measure. A study of people aged 40—80 years without diabetes at the start of the study found that waist circumference and BMI were both predictors of diabetes.

This method also measures abdominal fat and can be a strong indicator of future health risks. A person can calculate their WHR by dividing their waist measurement by the circumference of their hips. The World Health Organization WHO states that a WHR of 0. Diagnostic tests that a doctor may perform include:.

Learn more about calculating WHR and what the results mean. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute , the ideal BMI falls in the range of Therefore, it is not possible to suggest an ideal BMI for women according to their age.

In the USA, the average weight of a female aged 20 and over is According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute , a healthy weight for a woman who is 5 ft 4 in tall ranges from — pounds lbs. Age is not a factor in BMI for adults, but it is for children.

This is because children typically grow larger with age. The CDC use both age and sex assigned at birth in its BMI calculations for people between the ages of 2—19 years. BMI is a very basic measurement. While it takes height and weight into consideration, it does not account for factors such as:.

These factors can affect health. For example, high performance athletes tend have a lot of muscle and little body fat. They can have a high BMI because they have more muscle mass, but this does not mean they weigh too much for their height. Another limitation of BMI is that it does not distinguish between people of different racial or ethnic groups.

Studies have shown that non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, and Mexican Americans may have significantly different levels of body fat but the same BMI as people from other groups. This inaccuracy may lead to a misdiagnosis or an incorrect assessment of risk factors between individuals. BMI can offer a rough idea of whether or not a person is at a moderate weight, and it is useful for measuring trends in population studies.

However, it should not be the only measure an individual uses to assess whether their weight is ideal. Learn more about the limitations of BMI.

A high WHR is has associations with higher levels of visceral fat , the fat in the abdominal cavity that surrounds several major organs. For this reason, the WHR can be a useful tool for understanding potential health risks when considered alongside other assessments of health status.

A meta-analysis suggests that having a high WHR can put people at a higher risk of myocardial infarction, or heart attack. To calculate their WHR, a person should measure around their waist at the narrowest part, usually just above the belly button.

They can then divide this measurement by the width of their hip at its widest part. Using WHR, a World Health Organization WHO report defines abdominal obesity as follows:.

However, as with BMI, the WHR does have limitations. Optimal WHR differs based on sex assigned at birth as well as race and ethnicity, according to the WHO report. Plus, body size is not a direct measure of health. To discover more evidence-based information and resources for weight management, visit our dedicated hub.

The waist-to-height ratio WtHR is another tool to assess body size. According to research , higher WtHR has associations with worse cholesterol and blood pressure, even at a healthy BMI. For this reason, WtHR may be helpful when assessing health risk when used along with other measures of health.

To calculate WtHR, divide waist size by height. If the result is 0. A study concluded that a WtHR of 0. However, this study did not account for ethnicity. For example, a 30 year old male with a 0. On average, a female of the same age and WHtR may be at risk of a 4.

While population-level studies are important, individual health is about more than waist size alone. A person should talk with their doctor if they have concerns about the health risks that may have links to a higher WtHR.

Learn how to measure the waist. This includes fat found in many different parts of the body. Body fat is necessary for the human body to function. This content does not have an Arabic version.

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This Measuremwnt should only be Measuremeht by adults. Pregnant or lactating women should not rely Measuerment these BMI Measurement results, and no Measurenent BMI Measurement be taken based on its values other than to consult a qualified person such as a doctor. If you think you have an eating disorderthe BMI calculator may not be suitable for you. For example, if you're 1. You can also do this in imperial measurements. BMI Measurement

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What BMI doesn't tell you about your health

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